Library

This online library contains links to monographs and other volumes that are relevant to the study of Cypriote sculpture. Of special interest are the nineteenth-century antiquarian accounts (Sakellarios, Doell, Cesnola, Colonna-Ceccaldi, Lang, etc), as well as important, learned work from the turn of the century by Myres and Ohnefalsch-Richter. Several more recent volumes are also included. Volumes are listed in order of their date of publication.

Ta Kypriaka: ētoi, Pragmateia peri geōgraphias, archaiologias, statistikēs
Athanasios A . Sakellarios (Athens, 1855)

An incredibly learned and far-ranging account of Cyprus, which touches on language, archaeology, local customs, topography etc. Among his many contributions, Sakellarios was the first person to associate the ancient toponym ‘Golgoi’ with the archaeological remains north and east of modern Athienou. Searchable, online version. Full .pdf can also be downloaded here. Other volumes/editions are also available. Courtesy of Archive.org.

Die Sammlung Cesnola
Johannes Doell  (St. Petersburg, 1873)

In 1873, J. Doell published an inventory of the Cesnola collection of Cypriote antiquities on behalf of the Hermitage Museum which was considering purchasing the collection. The plates from this volume are reproduced here. For the entire searchable volume and downloadable .pdf (courtesy of Archive.org), go here. The importance of this work cannot be overestimated since it represents a contemporary account of the collection, before the controversial restorations that occurred after the collection arrived at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.

Cyprus: Its Ancient Cities, Tombs, and Temples
L. Palma di Cesnola (New York, 1878)

Full-text (on-line) or (downloadable .pdf) of Cesnola’s principal narrative of late nineteenth century excavations on Cyprus, including the account of his discoveries of limestone sculptures from sanctuaries in the region of Athienou/Golgoi. The bulk of Cesnola’s collection made its way to the Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York) forming the nucleus of that museum’s collection when it opened in 1880. Cesnola served as the Met’s first director. See below for links to the Met’s www site on the Cesnola collection, as well as the on-line catalogue of Cesnola artifacts now housed in the Semitic Museum (Harvard). Courtesy of Archive.org and Google Books.

Narrative of Excavations in a Temple at Dali (Idalium) in Cyprus
R. H. Lang and R. S. Poole (Trans. Royal Society of Literature, UK vol. no. 11, 1878)

Begins on page 30. Primary account of the nineteenth century excavations at Idalion by Robert Hamilton Lang. Includes description of work, as well as discussion of the artifacts recovered by R. S. Poole (see especially, pp. 54-63, where Poole outlines various stylistic influences in Cypriote sculpture). Searchable, online version. Full .pdf can also be downloaded here. Courtesy of Archive.org.

Monuments antiques de Chypre, de Syrie et d’Égypte
Georges Colonna-Ceccaldi (Paris, 1882)

An important account of early explorations in Cyprus. Most significantly, Colonna-Ceccaldi, the French consult to Cyprus, provides a contemporary account of the discoveries of L. Palma di Cesnola at the the site of Golgoi (near modern Athienou), which brought to light a large cache of limestone sculptures (now in the Met, NYC). Searchable, online version. Full .pdf can also be downloaded here. Courtesy of Archive.org.

Salaminia (Cyprus): The Histories, Treasures, and Antiquities of Salamis in the Island of Cyprus 2nd ed.Alexander Palma di Cesnola (London, 1884)

Full-text and searchable (on-line) copy of Alexander Cesnola’s (Luigi’s brother) publication of investigations at Salamis. Downloadable .pdf also available. Courtesy of Archive.org.

History of art in Phoenicia and its dependencies (Vol. 2)
Georges Perrot and Charles Chipiez (London, 1885)

A classic volume dealing with Cypriote sculpture, offering an important look at nineteenth-century views on the style and overall character of Cypriote art. Searchable, online version. Full .pdf can also be downloaded here. Courtesy of Archive.org.

Naukratis. Part II. 1885-6
E. A. Gardner and F. Ll. Griffith (London, 1888)

Excavation report on Naukratis, which includes the important discovery of Cypriote-style stone statuettes in the so-called “Temple and Temenos of Aphrodite”. Chapter VI is devoted to the statuettes. Searchable, online version. Full .pdf can also be downloaded here. Courtesy of Archive.org and Google Books.

Kypros, the Bible and Homer : oriental civilization, art and religion in ancient times
M. Ohnefalsch-Richter (London, 1893)

Chronicle of Ohnefalsch-Richter’s excavations on Cyprus. Includes catalogue of sanctuaries identified by O-R. as well as illustrations of finds. The volume is fundamental for research in Cypriote limestone sculpture, as well as Cypriote religion. Searchable, online version. Full .pdf can also be downloaded. Courtesy of Archive.org.

A Catalogue of the Cyprus Museum with a Chronicle of Excavations Undertaken Since the British Occupation
J. L. Myres and M. Ohnefalsch-Richter (Oxford, 1899)

Represents an important source for the collections of the Cyprus Museum. Chronicle of excavations also includes information on excavated sanctuaries. The catalogue is the result of a complete reorganization of the museum by Myres and Ohnefalsch-Richter. Searchable, online version. Full .pdf can also be downloaded here. Courtesy of Archive.org.

Handbook of the Cesnola collection of antiquities from Cyprus
J. L. Myres (New York, 1914)

Fundamental, early publication of the extensive holdings of Cypriote antiquities in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. The bulk of the collection was purchased from Cesnola, including an impressive corpus of limestone sculptures. Includes significant comparative research and is essential for the study of Cypriote sculpture. Searchable, online version. Full .pdf can also be downloaded here. Courtesy of Archive.org. 

See also:
Metropolitan Museum of Art. Handbook No. 3. Sculptures of the Cesnola Collection of Cypriote Antiquities (New York, 1880)

An early museum guide to the Cesnola sculptures at the Met, originally displayed in the “East Entrance Hall and North Aisle”. Written by Mr. A. Duncan Savage. 

Amathonte II. Testimonia 2 : Les sculptures découvertes avant 1975
A. Hermary (Paris, 1981)

Publication of limestone sculptures discovered at Amathous, with a contribution by Veronica Tatton-Brown on the Amathous Sarcophagus. Courtesy of École Française d’Athènes.

Amathonte V. Les figurines en terre cuite archaïques et classiques. Les sculptures en pierre
A. Hermary (Athens, 2000)

Publication of limestone sculptures excavated after 1975, serves as supplemental to Vol 2.2 (but also includes terracotta sculptures. Courtesy of École Française d’Athènes.

Ancient Cyprus
A. C. Brown and H. Catling (Oxford, 1986)

Now out-of-print, the text of this important handbook to the Cypriote collections of the Ashmolean is now available on the museum’s web site. Includes a useful survey of Cypriote material culture.

Archaische Kalksteinplastik Zypern
Dimitris G. Mylonas (Mannheim, 1998)

Full-text (.pdf) of Dimitris G. Mylonas’s Mannheim dissertation on the subject of Cypriote limestone sculpture (ISBN: 3-932178-09-2). 

Ancient Cypriote art in the Musée d’art et d’histoire, Geneva
Vassos Karageorghis and Jacques Chamay (Nicosia, 2004)

Catalogue of the Museum’s holdings in Cypriote art, which includes an important collection of limestone sculptures. Although access to the entire book is limited, the entries for stone sculpture are available here.  

Classical Sculpture: Catalogue of the Cypriot, Greek, and Roman Stone Sculpture in the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology.
I. B. Romano (Philadelphia, 2006)

Catalogue of the Museum’s holdings in Classical sculpture, which includes an important collection of Cypriote limestone sculptures. Although access to the entire book is limited, the entries for Cypriote sculpture are availablehere.