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Dr. Michael Nosonovsky – Associate Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering
Michael Nosonovsky
Contact Information
Office EMS 981
P.O. Box 784 Department of Mechanical Engineering
University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
3200 North Cramer Street, Milwaukee, WI 53211
Phone: 414-229-2816 Fax: 414-229-6958 Email: nosonovs@uwm.edu
Google Scholar: publications and citation

Links about Dr. Nosonovsky’s activities


  • PhD, Mechanical Engineering, Northeastern University (Boston, MA), 2001
  • MS/BA in Mechanical Engineering, St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (Russia), 1992

Research Interests

Other Accomplishments

  • Lady Davis fellowship for the Technion – Israel Institute of Technology (Spring 2017, sabbatical)
  • UWM Global Studies Fellow 2015/16, project “Biomimetics for water cities”
  • ASME Tribology Division Best Reviewer Award (2015)
  • CEAS Excellence in Research Award (2013)
  • ASME Burt L. Newkirk award “for outstanding theoretical research
    in nanotribology ” (2008)
  • NRC Postdoctoral Fellowship (2005-2007)
  • Best Reviewer award (2006), ASME Journal of Tribology

Selected Publications

Total citations: 5795 (Google Scholar) h=30, 3264 (WOK)


  1. M. Nosonovsky & V. Mortazavi. Friction-Induced Vibrations and Self-Organization: Mechanics and Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics of Sliding Contact (CRC Press/Taylor & Francis, 2013, see annotation below)
  2. M. Nosonovsky and P. K. Rohatgi Biomimetics in Materials Science: Self-healing, self-lubricating, and self-cleaning materials (Springer Series in  Materials Science, 2011, ISBN 978-1-4614-0925-0)
  3. M. Nosonovsky and B. Bhushan, Multiscale Dissipative Mechanisms and Hierarchical Surfaces: Friction, Superhydrophobicity, and Biomimetics (NanoScience and Technology Series, Springer, Heidelberg, 2008)
  4. M. Nosonovsky and B. Bhushan, Multiscale Dissipative Mechanisms and Hierarchical Surfaces: Friction, Superhydrophobicity, and Biomimetics, Peking University Press, 2013 (Chinese edition 多尺度耗散机制与分级表面——摩擦、超疏水性与仿生 ISBN: 978-7-301-22712-1

Edited Books and Journal Issues

  1. M. Nosonovsky (ed.) “Surfaces for water-related applications” special issue, Surface Topography: Metrology and Properties (Institute of Physics, Bristol, UK) forthcoming 2017
  2. P. R. Menezes, S.P. Ingole, M. Nosonovsky, S. Kailas, M.R. Lovell, M.R. (Eds.) Tribology for Scientists and Engineers (Springer, 2013)
  3. “Biomimetics” section editor, Springer Encyclopedia of Nanotechnology (Ed. B. Bhushan, 2012), Vols. 1-4
  4. M. Nosonovsky and B. Bhushan (eds.), Green Tribology Biomimetics, Energy Conservation, and Sustainability (Springer Series in Green Energy and Technology, 2012, ISBN 978-3-642-23680-8)
  5. M. Nosonovsky (ed.) Entropy and Friction (Special issue of Entropy Journal, 2010)
  6. M. Nosonovsky and B. Bhushan (eds.), Green Tribology (Theme issue of the Phil. Trans Royal. Soc. A., 2010), Vol. 368


Selected journal publications (total >60)

  1. R. Ramachandran, N. Maani, V.L. Rayz, M. Nosonovsky, Vibrations and spatial patterns in biomimetic surfaces: using the shark-skin effect to control blood clotting, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A 374 (2016) 20160133
  2. M. Nosonovsky & B. Bhushan, Why re-entrant surface topography is needed for robust oleophobicity, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A 374 (2016) 20160185
  3. R. Ramachandran, M. Kozhukhova, K. Sobolev, M. Nosonovsky, Anti-Icing Superhydrophobic Surfaces: Controlling Entropic Molecular Interactions to Design Novel Icephobic Concrete, Entropy 18 (2016) 132
  4. R. Ramachandran and M. Nosonovsky “Coupling of surface energy with electric potential makes superhydrophobic surfaces corrosion-resistant”, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 17 (38), 24988-24997
  5. M. Nosonovsky and R. Ramachandran “Geometric Interpretation of Surface Tension Equilibrium in Superhydrophobic Systems“, Entropy 17 (2015), 4684-4700
  6. R. Ramachandran, K. Sobolev, and M. Nosonovsky, “Dynamics of Droplet Impact on Hydrophobic/Icephobic Concrete with the Potential for Superhydrophobicity” Langmuir 31 (2015), 1437–1444
  7. R. Ramachandran and M. Nosonovsky ““Vibro-levitation and inverted pendulum: parametric resonance in vibrating droplets and soft materials”, Soft Matter, 2014, 10, 4633-4639 DOI: 10.1039/C4SM00265B
  8. I. Flores Vivian, V. Hejazi, M. Kozhukhova, M. Nosonovsky, K. Sobolev, “Self-assembling particle-siloxane coatings for superhydrophobic concrete” ACS applied materials & interfaces” ACS Appl Mater & Interfaces, 5 (2013) 13284-13294
  9. V. Hejazi, K. Sobolev, and M. Nosonovsky “From superhydrophobicity to icephobicity: forces and interaction analysis”, Nature’s Scientific Reports, 2013, 3:2194
  10. V. Mortazavi, R. Dsouza, and M. Nosonovsky “Study of contact angle hysteresis using Cellular Potts Model “, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2013, 15 (8), 2749 – 2756
  11. M.Nosonovsky and V. Hejazi. “Why Superhydrophobic Surfaces Are Not Always Icephobic “, ACS Nano, 2012, 6:8488-8491
  12. V. Hejazi and M.Nosonovsky. “Wetting transitions in two-, three-, and four-phase systems “, Langmuir, 2012, Vol. 28:2173-2180
  13. V. Hejazi, A. Nyong, P. Rohatgi, M. Nosonovsky “Wetting transitions in underwater oleophobic surface of brass ” Adv. Mater. Adv. Mater. 24 (2012) 5963-5966)
  14. V. Mortazavi, C. Wang, and M. Nosonovsky, “Stability of Frictional Sliding With the Coefficient of Friction Depended on the Temperature” ASME J Tribology 134 (2012) 041601
  15. M. Nosonovsky, “Slippery when wetted ” Nature 477 (2011) 412-413
  16. V. Mortazavi and M. Nosonovsky, “Friction-Induced Pattern-Formation and Turing systems ” Langmuir 27 (2011) 4772-4779
  17. M. Nosonovsky, “Self-organization at the frictional interface for green tribology ” Phil. Trans. Royal. Soc. A., (2010), Vol. 368:4755-4774
  18. M. Nosonovsky, “Entropy in Tribology: in the Search for Applications” Entropy, 12:1345-1390 (2010)
  19. M. Nosonovsky and B. Bhushan, “Green tribology: principles, research areas and challenges ” Phil. Trans. Royal. Soc. A., (2010), Vol. 368:4677-4694
  20. M. Nosonovsky and B. Bhushan, “Thermodynamics of surface degradation, self-organization, and self-healing for biomimetic surfaces, ” Phil. Trans. Royal. Soc. A367 (2009) 1607-1627
  21. M. Nosonovsky and B. Bhushan, “Superhydrophobic surfaces and emerging applications: non-adhesion, energy, green engineering, ” Current Opinion in Coll. Interface Sci, 14 (2009) 270-280
  22. M. Nosonovsky and B. Bhushan, “Multiscale effects and capillary interactions in functional biomimetic surfaces for energy conversion and green engineering, ” Phil. Trans. Royal. Soc. A367 (2009) 1511-1539
  23. S.H. Yang, M. Nosonovsky, H. Zhang, and K.H. Chung, “Nanoscale water capillary bridges under deeply negative pressure ” Chem. Phys. Lett., 451 (2008) 88-92
  24. M. Nosonovsky and B. Bhushan, “Biologically-inspired surfaces: broadening the scope of roughness ” Adv. Func. Mater. 18 (2008) 843-855
  25. M. Nosonovsky and S. K. Esche, “Multiscale effects in crystal grain growth and physical properties of metals, ” Phys Chem. Chem. Phys., 10 (2008) 5192-5195
  26. M. Nosonovsky, “Multiscale Roughness and Stability of Superhydrophobic Biomimetic Interfaces, ” Langmuir, 23 (2007) 3157-3161
  27. M. Nosonovsky, “On the Range of Applicability of the Wenzel and Cassie Equations ” Langmuir 23 (2007) 9919-9920
  28. M. Nosonovsky, “Model for Solid-Liquid and Solid-Solid Friction for Rough Surfaces with Adhesion Hysteresis, ” J. Chem. Phys., 126 (2007) 224701
  29. M. Nosonovsky and B. Bhushan, “Biomimetic Superhydrophobic Surfaces: Multiscale Approach, ” Nano Lett., 7 (2007) 2633-2637
  30. M. Nosonovsky and B. Bhushan, “Multiscale friction mechanisms and hierarchical surfaces in nano- and bio-tribology, ” Mater. Sc., and Eng. Rep.:, 58 (2007) 162-193
  31. M. Nosonovsky and G.G. Adams, “Vibration and Stability of Frictional Sliding of Two Elastic Bodies With a Wavy Contact Interface,” ASME Journal of Applied Mechanics, 71 (2004) 154-300.
  32. B. Bhushan and M. Nosonovsky, “Scale Effects in Friction Using Strain Gradient Plasticity and Dislocation-Assisted Sliding (Microslip), ” Acta Mater., 51 (2003) 4331-4345

Funded Projects ($1.07M) External funds (Total $509K, PI’s share $213k)

  • P. K. Rohatgi (PI), M. Nosonovsky (co-PI) “Advanced design and novel In-situ synthesis of self-cleaning and wear resistant metallic surfaces for water industry components” NSF I/UCRC Fundamental Research , $199.99k, August 2013-August 2015
  • M. Nosonovsky (sole PI) Information Storage Industry Consortium (INSIC) TAPE Program unrestricted research grant “BIOMIMETIC COATINGS TO PROTECT THE HEAD-TAPE INTERFACE ” $36.5k, March 2010-Dec 2011.
  • P. Rohatgi (PI) and M. Nosonovsky (co-PI) NSF I/UCRC sponsored grant “SELF-CLEANING MATERIALS FOR WATER INDUSTRY “, $126k, July 2010-July 2013.
  • K. Sobolev (PI), M. Nosonovsky (co-PI) “Anti-Icing and De-Icing Superhydrophobic Concrete to Improve the Safety on Critical Elements of Roadway Pavements and Bridges,” CFIRE, $146.5k, October 2012-October

Internal funds (Total $680.9k PI’s share $283k)

  • M. Nosonovsky (sole PI) “Environmentally benign biomimetic antifouling coatings ” Bradley Catalyst, $30k, July 2010-March, 2012
  • M. Nosonovsky (PI), P. Rohatgi (co-PI) and E. Wornyoh (co-PI) “Self-organization at the sliding interface: towards biomimetic self-lubrication and self-replenishing” $399k, UWM Research Growth Initiative, July 2010-June 2012
  • M. Nosonovsky (PI), K Sobolev (co-PI) “Superhydrophobic 3D concretes and surfaces ” $267k, UWM Research Growth Initiative, July 2012-June 2014
  • M. Nosonovsky Graduate School Research Committee Award (GSRCA) $14.9k, declined due to state budget reductions


  • ME360 Introduction into Mechanical Design
  • ME475 Vibrations in Mechanical Design
  • ME726 Mechanical Vibrations
  • ME715 Numerical Methods in Engineering
  • ME760 Dynamic Problems in Design
  • ME490 Special Topics – Biomimetic and Functional Surfaces

Doctoral / Graduate Students

  • Vahid Hejazi, graduated in May 2014 with PhD, now at Rice Univerity
  • Vahid Mortazavi, graduated in May 2014 with PhD, now at Louisiana State University
  • Rahul Ramachandran, graduated in Spring 2016, now at University of Nevada-Reno
  • Nazanin Maani, PhD student, expected to get her PhD in 2017/18
  • Robert Joseph Morien Jr., Master degree student, expected to graduate in 2016
  • Chuanfeng Wang, graduated in 2010 with Master degree
  • Mehdi Mortazavi, graduated in 2011 with Master degree
  • Md Haider Ali, graduated in 2013 with Master degree
  • Sridhar Lanka


  • ME Graduate Program Committee (since 2009, Chair in 2015/16)
  • ASME Tribology Division Executive Committee (2014-2016)
  • Entropy Journal,  Editorial board member
  • Springer Encyclopedia of Nanotechnology, “Biomimetics ” Section Editor
  • Reviewer for Nature, Langmuir, J Am Chem Soc, Nano Letters, and for many other journals of ASME, ACS, AIP, etc. as well as for various funding agencies in the US and abroad.

In the Media

“Although superhydrophobic surfaces repel water, do they keep off ice as well? Not always. As Michael Nosonovsky and Vahid Hejazi at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee explain, the often-bumpy of superhydrophobic surfaces traps air pockets between the solid and the liquid. When water freezes, these air pockets become the basis of cracks in the ice, and the larger cracks are, the easier it is to dislodge ice off a surface.” (Charles Q. Choi “Worth Pitching?: Mysteries of Rain and Ice” Scientific American blog, October 5, 2012)

“Researchers at the university, including Michael Nosonovsky, began examining several samples of lotus leaves… As the researchers developed computer models of the leaves’ surfaces, Dr. Bhushan said, it became apparent that the bumps increase their contact angle with water droplets. The higher that angle, the more likely a surface will repel water.” (Ian Austen “On the Road to Low-Friction Micro Devices, Some Bumps” The New York Times, January 27, 2005)

“In 2007, Nosonovsky showed that if you got the architecture of a surface’s roughness just right, creating caves, nooks and crannies that bend back in on themselves, you could create repulsive surface forces equating to huge contact angles for all sorts of liquids. It was a simple but game-changing insight.” (Jessica Griggs, “Omniphobia: the stuffs that stick at nothing” New Scientist on 24 November 2012, p 46-49)

“The new findings are an important step towards creating robust omniphobic surfaces, says Michael Nosonovsky. Omniphobic surfaces repel contaminants in an environmentally friendly way, he notes, so they could be used, for instance, as a coating for self-cleaning solar panels.” (Sid Perkins “Blueprint to repel oil and water” Science News, December 6, 2008)

“In 2007, Nosonovsky created a theoretical surface architecture that addressed superhydrophobicity at both nano- and microscales, with crannies that bent back in on themselves. It was used by scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology to make ketchup bottles that allowed the product to slide out without sticking to the sides” (“Super-surfaces suggested by nature” By Laura L. Hunt, UWM News, August 23, 2013)

“In the first half of the 20th century, the prevailing idea was that humans could be masters of nature and the universe. We thought that human power was unlimited. We thought- ‘we can change rivers, we can move mountains—’ we can actually conquer nature. Then, sometime in the second half of the 20th century, we made the realization that the relationship between nature and humans is actually much more complex than that. We can learn a lot from nature. This is where the idea of biomimetics and harmony between man and nature came in,” says Dr. Michael Nosonovsky (“It’s Not Science Fiction, It’s Biomimicry” Interview with Dr. Michael Nosonovsky by Michael Phillip Nelson, Podcast 054, “MIDWEST REAL” Oct. 16, 2014)

What colleagues say

Dr Nosonovsky is a highly successful, productive and original scholar with an impressive publication record. He performs outstanding cutting-edge research in various areas of mechanics of materials related to surface science and tribology” (CEAS Excellence in Research Award).

You are extremely productive as always hitting top journals. I take pride as you started with me when you were a young scientist and I have seen you grow.” (Prof. Bharat Bhushan, Ohio State University)

Michael, This is great that you have been able to publish about self-healing, self-lubricating and self-cleaning materials in Nature. This will certainly advance our efforts in this area” (Prof. Pradeep K. Rohatgi, UWM)

This is very impressive! Keep up your quality of work.” (Prof. Ryoichi S. Amano, UWM)

What alumni say

I was doing well in my classes, but nothing really caught my attention until I took Professor Nosonovsky’s class on biomimetic and functional surfaces, I just immediately loved it…. When I compared what I was doing in Professor Nosonovsky’s lab with my options in traditional engineering, I decided my money was on the freshwater applications. Especially after my research paper was published, I knew this was the field I wanted to continue in.” (Tyler Hurd, engineer at Pentair, Glendale, WI)

Dr. Nosonovsky is a great and very patient and one of the best instructors I have had at UWM… I especially liked taking Mechanical Vibrations with him as he taught the a completely different approach to solving vibration problems that we were not familiar with from our undergraduate engineering classes” (Ohganetega Anene-Maidoh, graduate student at Georgia Tech)

More Info

  • If your are looking for more information about my accomplishments and cannot contact me directly you are welcome to download my presentation Achieving EXCELLENCE in Science, Teaching, and Service. I prepared that in 2014 when applied for tenure to help people (e.g., those who write evaluation letters) better understand what I do.


M. Nosonovsky & V. Mortazavi. Friction-Induced Vibrations and Self-Organization: Mechanics and Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics of Sliding Contact (CRC Press/Taylor & Francis, 2013)

About the book

  • Shows how friction-induced instabilities and vibrations can lead to self-organized structures
  • Combines mechanical and thermodynamic approaches to friction-induced instabilities
  • Formulates a general stability criterion for mechanical, thermal, chemical, and other effects during sliding
  • Relates friction-induced self-organization to novel self-lubricating and self-healing materials
  • Shows how friction laws can be related to the second law of thermodynamics and explains the striking universality of Coulombian friction
  • Discusses the entropic principles that govern the running-in transient processes
  • Includes more than 100 illustrations, plus a four-page color insert